“Impossible, I don’t feel anything?”
When Uncle Lin heard the doctor’s diagnosis—high uric acid, countless question marks popped up in his mind. The doctor further explained that high uric acid does not necessarily cause symptoms, but its damage should not be underestimated, because many people think that there is no symptom, so they do not intervene or treat, and eventually multiple organs are damaged.
According to statistics, there are about 120 million people with high uric acid in China, but most of them do not develop into gout. Even so, the threat to health caused by hyperuricemia cannot be underestimated.
1. High uric acid “destroyed” these organs
High uric acid exists in the blood, which can damage the whole body. In the human body, it likes to “attack” four organs: joints, kidneys, blood vessels and pancreatic islets.
Many people know that the culprit of gouty arthritis is hyperuricemia. High uric acid has long been notorious for destroying joints. Every gout patient suffers from arthralgias, often tearing, knife-cutting sharp pain in the middle of the night, starting from the first metatarsophalangeal joint, and gradually spreading to the ankles, knees, wrists, and between the fingers Joints and so on. If the uric acid is not well controlled, a large amount of deposition in the joint cavity will cause joint deformities over time, which is painful.
Uric acid deposits caused by hyperuricemia not only appear in the joints, but also in the kidneys. Since uric acid is excreted through the kidneys, the excretion of high-concentration uric acid is easy to crystallize and deposit in the renal tubules, interstitium, etc., turning into urinary calculi and induce acute uric acid nephropathy. If uric acid crystals are deposited for a long time, it will also develop into chronic interstitial nephritis, causing chronic renal damage and even renal failure.
Hyperuricemia does not cause small damage to blood vessels. Studies have shown that if hyperuricemia is combined with hyperuricemia, it will cause more serious irritation and damage to the blood vessel wall and increase the difficulty of blood pressure recovery. At the same time, hyperuric acid can aggravate coronary heart disease or increase the risk of atherosclerosis.
In addition, hyperuricemia is also harmful to the islets. The proportion of diabetic patients with hyperuricemia is as high as 25%, because the deposition of uric acid crystals in the pancreatic islets can damage the pancreatic β cells, induce glucose metabolism disorders, and ultimately lead to diabetes.
2. There are three symptoms in sleep, maybe uric acid has exceeded the standard
Patients with hyperuricemia may often feel thirsty while sleeping, and the symptoms of thirst cannot be relieved even after drinking water . This is because there are too many toxins deposited in the kidneys, which require a lot of water to maintain metabolism, and the body just happens to lose a lot of water when sleeping. Therefore, people who often experience sleep thirst should pay attention to whether uric acid is too high.
Abnormal urination before going to bed may also be a sign of high uric acid . If there is a problem with kidney metabolism, the color of urine before going to bed may be a thick tea color , or even a lot of foam. Such abnormal urine often occurs, and it is best to check the blood uric acid concentration.
Because the highest uric acid content is when a person is sleeping, patients with hyperuricemia are prone to glomerular blockage and even necrosis during sleep. On the surface, symptoms of severe lower limb edema and eyelid edema will appear.
Three, 4 steps to remove the “threat” of high uric acid
Compared with other chronic diseases, high uric acid is relatively easy to control. The following 4 aspects can effectively help you relieve the “threat” of high uric acid.
Uric acid is mainly derived from dietary intake, and a low-purine diet is the basic means to control uric acid levels . Animal offal, high-sugar beverages and alcohol should be avoided, and red meat, seafood, and desserts should also be restricted. Eat more low-fat or non-fat foods; eat more vegetables; drink no less than 1500ml of water a day; maintain exercise and control your weight to help maintain uric acid at a relatively normal level.
·Actively control other metabolic diseases and chronic diseases
Obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease and other metabolic diseases or chronic diseases may cooperate with hyperuricemia and cause greater harm. Therefore, to actively treat these diseases, you can choose some that have the effect of lowering uric acid. drug.
·Uric acid lowering treatment
If patients with hyperuricemia have no symptoms, uric acid-lowering treatment is generally not recommended, and diet and exercise control are the main ones. However, if patients with hyperuricemia have cardiovascular disease or are at risk of cardiovascular disease, uric acid-lowering drugs should be used for treatment.
·Avoid drugs that raise blood uric acid
If patients with chronic diseases have hyperuricemia, they should also avoid using drugs that increase the concentration of uric acid when taking drugs, such as corticosteroids, insulin, furosemide, thiazide diuretics, pyrazinamide, niacin and Low-dose aspirin and so on . It is best for cancer patients to fully hydrate and alkalize their urine before and after radiotherapy and chemotherapy to prevent secondary hyperuric acid symptoms after radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Of course, we have always said that the best medicine is a healthy lifestyle. It is safest to prevent everything before it happens, so that uric acid can never rise to a high level.